Some level of oversight has to exist to identify names, addresses, and claims on names. More standards need to evolve to simplify the sharing of information. Finally, tools have to get easier to use so that users can access the information on this growing network.
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- The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is a department of ICANN, a nonprofit private American corporation that oversees global IP address allocation, autonomous system number allocation, root zone management in the Domain Name System (DNS), media types, and other Internet Protocol-related symbols and numbers. It was established in 1988 and managed by Jon Postel.
- Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee made a proposal for an information management system in March 1989, and he implemented the first successful communication between a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) client and server via the Internet sometime around mid-November of that same year.
- Software Tool & Die becomes the first Internet Service Provider.
- NCSA Mosaic was developed by Marc Andressen and Eric Bina while students at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign beginning in late 1992, and released in 1993. Mosaic was a dynamic web browser, markedly different from those available at the time, and was also a client for earlier protocols such as FTP, NNTP, and gopher. The browser was named for its support of multiple internet protocols. Its intuitive interface, reliability,Windows port and simple installation all contributed to its popularity within the web, as well as on Microsoft operating systems. Mosaic was also the first browser to display images inline with text instead of displaying images in a separate window.
- In 1993, NSF created the Internet Network Information Center, known as InterNIC, to extend and coordinate directory and database services and information services for the NSFNET; and provide registration services for non-military internet networks. NSF awarded the contract to manage InterNIC to three organizations; Network Solutions provided registration services, AT&T provided directory and database services, and General Atomics provided information services. General Atomics was disqualified from the contract in December 1994 after a review found their services not conforming to the standards of its contract. General Atomics’ InterNIC functions were assumed by AT&T.
- Standards, governance, and oversight allow uniform growth of the network
- The “killer app”, the NCSA Mosaic Information Browser, opened the network to many users for the first time